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Spartacus, dt. Spartakus, war ein römischer Sklave und Gladiator. Historische Bedeutung erlangte er als Anführer eines nach ihm benannten Sklavenaufstandes im Römischen Reich der Antike während der späten Römischen Republik. Spartacus, dt. Spartakus (gestorben 71 v. Chr. in der Zweiten Schlacht am Silarus), war ein römischer Sklave und Gladiator. Historische Bedeutung erlangte er. Sklave des Batiatus, ehemals sehr erfolgreicher Gladiator und nun Ausbilder der Gladiatoren in Batiatus' Gladiatorenschule. Früher war er einer der besten. Im Jahr 73 vor Christus wagt ein gefangener Gladiator das Ungeheuerliche: Spartacus führt Roms Sklaven in einen Aufstand gegen die Supermacht. Doch das. Ein bekannter Gladiator - Spartacus. Als Gladiator wird ein professioneller Kämpfer in dem Antiken Rom bezeichnet. Gladiatoren starben und kämpften für die.
Sklave des Batiatus, ehemals sehr erfolgreicher Gladiator und nun Ausbilder der Gladiatoren in Batiatus' Gladiatorenschule. Früher war er einer der besten. Spartacus, dt. Spartakus, war ein römischer Sklave und Gladiator. Historische Bedeutung erlangte er als Anführer eines nach ihm benannten Sklavenaufstandes im Römischen Reich der Antike während der späten Römischen Republik. maskinost.se - Kaufen Sie Spartacus - Der Gladiator Von Rom günstig ein. Qualifizierte Bestellungen werden kostenlos geliefert. Sie finden Rezensionen und.
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The Spartacus rebellion was brutally repressed the roads leading into Rome were lined with gibbets from which rebel corpses hung. Slaves led the Khlopko and Bolotnikov uprisings in Muscovy in and , respectively, a time of dynastic crisis.
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He planned to escape to Sicily on a fleet of pirate ships, but the pirates sailed off with his gifts in tow before the rebels boarded the boats.
So he stationed his men on the peninsula of Rhegium, in southern Italy, to plot his next move. Around here is where the two main authorities on Spartacus — Appian and Plutarch — diverge in their storytelling.
According to Appian, Crassus and the Romans walled the slaves in with ditches and dirt. When the slaves broke through the barriers, the Romans slaughtered nearly 12, of them, themselves only suffering three deaths.
He even crucified a Roman prisoner, setting a terrifying example to his men of the fate in store for them if they were to lose.
Unsettled by the turn of events and hoping to avoid an embarrassing defeat, Rome sent the general Pompey to help Crassus. Fearing Pompey, who was a celebrated military strategist, Spartacus first tried to negotiate with Crassus.
When his offer was refused, he made a risky move, charging toward Brundisium with Crassus in pursuit. When he discovered another Roman army was blocking his path, he and his men did all they could do: turn around and battle Crassus head-on.
But then, when he grew short on supplies, he managed to get a third of his army over the earthen walls. Crassus had previously written to Rome to ask for support from general Pompey in Hispania and Lucullus in Thrace, but now he was set on defeating the slaves on his own.
And so he descended upon groups of rebels that had splintered from Spartacus, killing 12, of them.
When the slaves turned on the Romans with great success, they were filled with over-confidence. Spartacus and his troops were fending off the Roman army as best they could, but it was all for naught.
They were cornered and swiftly defeated. The rebellion, and the arduous attempt to travel back home, had come to an end.
Spartacus was presumably killed — though his body was never found. Then he made straight for Crassus himself, charging forward through the press of weapons and wounded men, and, though he did not reach Crassus, he cut down two centurions who fell on him together.
Finally, after his companions had taken to flight, he stood alone, surrounded by his foes, and was still defending himself when he was cut down.
More than 6, rebels captured after the defeat were crucified. In a common practice to deter citizens from rebellion, their crucified bodies were positioned along the Appian Way, stretching from Capua to Rome.
And though Crassus obliterated Spartacus and his followers, his glory was overshadowed by Pompey, who had returned from Spain in time to defeat 5, rebels.
While both of them were elected as consuls in 70 B. Spartacus and his slave revolt caused permanent ripple effects in ancient Rome.
Julius Caesar, for instance, introduced a series of laws to prevent such uprisings once he became dictator. Some historians see Spartacus as a selfish rebel who led his men to annihilation because of his overgrown ego, pillaging Italy in the process.
Others disagree, and see him as an inspirational figure who led thousands of commoners against the oppressive Roman Empire and its subjugations.
In the end, Spartacus led the biggest slave revolt in ancient Rome — one that we remember to this day. In this area, since , there have been finds of armour and swords of the Roman era.
Plutarch, Appian and Florus all claim that Spartacus died during the battle, but Appian also reports that his body was never found.
Classical historians were divided as to the motives of Spartacus. None of Spartacus's actions overtly suggest that he aimed at reforming Roman society or abolishing slavery.
Plutarch writes that Spartacus wished to escape north into Cisalpine Gaul and disperse his men back to their homes. Appian and Florus write that he intended to march on Rome itself.
Based on the events in late 73 BC and early 72 BC, which suggest independently operating groups of escaped slaves  and a statement by Plutarch, it appears that some of the escaped slaves preferred to plunder Italy, rather than escape over the Alps.
Toussaint Louverture , a leader of the slave revolt that led to the independence of Haiti , has been called the "Black Spartacus".
Adam Weishaupt , founder of the Bavarian Illuminati , often referred to himself as Spartacus within written correspondences. In modern times, Spartacus became an icon for communists and socialists.
Karl Marx listed Spartacus as one of his heroes and described him as "the most splendid fellow in the whole of ancient history" and a "great general, noble character, real representative of the ancient proletariat ".
Several sports clubs around the world, in particular the former Soviet and the Communist bloc, were named after the Roman gladiator.
Spartacus's name was chosen in numerous football sides in Slavic Europe. Spartacus's name was also used in athletics in the Soviet Union and communist states of Central and Eastern Europe.
The Spartakiad was a Soviet bloc version of the Olympic games. The mascot for the Ottawa Senators , Spartacat , is also named after him.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Spartacus disambiguation. Not to be confused with Spartocus or Sportacus. The Death of Spartacus by Hermann Vogel Further information: Third Servile War.
Ancient Rome portal. He and his men freed only gladiators, farmers, and shepherds. They avoided urban slaves, a softer and more elite group than rural workers.
They rallied slaves to the cry not only of freedom but also to the themes of nationalism, religion, revenge, and riches.
Another paradox: they might have been liberators but the rebels brought ruin. They devastated southern Italy in search of food and trouble. Osprey Publishing.
The histories. Translated by McGushin, Patrick. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 24 FebruaryDas Leben des Spartacus wurde oft verfilmt. Doch in vielen Streifen wimmelt es von Fehlern. So war der Gladiator kein Grobian, sondern recht. Der Gladiator Spartacus gehört nicht zu den Freiwilligen. Er kommt von einem Sklavenmarkt, von wo er an die Gladiatorenschule in Capua. Spartacus wird von einem römischen General verraten und als Sklave an Lentulus Batiatus verkauft, der ihn im italienischen Capua zum Gladiator ausbilden. maskinost.se - Kaufen Sie Spartacus - Der Gladiator Von Rom günstig ein. Qualifizierte Bestellungen werden kostenlos geliefert. Sie finden Rezensionen und. Spartacus: The Gladiator: (Spartacus 1) | Kane, Ben | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon.